Hindusthani Ragas

The Seven Natural (Complete) “ Swaras “ or Tones are: SA Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni

Notice the following terms related to the notes!!!

  • All upper case letters refer to the “Shuddha Swaras” or natural tones. Example,R G D N.
  • All lower case letters refer to the “Komal Swaras”. Example, r g d n.
  • For ‘Ma’, m refers to the natural one and M refers to the ‘Tivra or Kori Ma’.
  • The upper octave notes are suffixed by the ‘ sign. Example, S’ R’ G’ m’ P’ D’ N’.
  • The lower octave notes are prefixed by the ‘ sign. Example ‘S ‘N ‘D ‘P ‘m ‘G ‘R.
  • Thaat can be defined as the root or parent raga from which another raga (child) can be derived. Example, ‘Jaunpuri’ derived from ‘Asavari’. There are about 10 Thaats: Asavari, Bhairav, Bhairavi, Bilawal, Kafi, Kalyan, Khamaj, Marwa, Purvi, Todi.
  • Aarohana is the ascending note pattern and Avarohana is the descending note pattern.
  • The Aarohana and Avarohana of the thaat ragas are available as MIDI files (in B-flat). Click on these ragas to hear them (if your computer supports MIDI playback).

The following ragas have completed (all 7) notes and the Aarohana and Avarohana are Monotonic (straight).

Hindustani  Raga Carnatic Raga Aarohana (Up) Avarohana (Down) Time Thaat
Ahir  Bhairav Chakravaham S r G m P D n S’ S’ n D P m G r S Pre-Dawn Bhairav
Bhairav Mayamalava Gowla S r G m P d N S’ S’ N d P m G r S Morning Bhairav
Bhairavi Sindhu Bhairavi S r g m P d n S’ S’ n d P m g r S Dawn Bhairavi
Kalyan Mecha Kalyani S R G M P D N S’ S’ N D P M G R S Evening Kalyan
Jaunpuri Jhonpuri S R m P d n S’ S’ n d P m g R S Morning Asavari
Kafi Kharaharapriya S R g m P D n S’ S’ n D P m g R S Night Kafi
Kalingra Mayamalavagaula S r G m P d N S’ S’ N d P m G r S Late Night to Dawn Bhairavi
Kirwani Kiravani S R g m P d N S’ S’ N d P m g R S Night Melakaratha Raga
Bilawal Dheera Shakarabharanam S R G m P D N S’ S’ N D P m G R S Morning Bilawal
Latangi Latangi S R G M P d N S’ S’ N d P M G R S Melakaratha Raga
Nata  Bhairav Sarasangi S R G m P d N S’ S’ N d P m G R S Morning Bhairav
Purvi Kamavardhini S r G M P d N S’ S’ N d P M G r S Dusk Purvi

The following ragas have missing notes (does not have all 7 notes) but have straight Aarohana & Avarohana

Name of Raga Carnatic Raga Aarohana (Up) Avarohana (Down) Time Thaat
Abhogi Kanada Abhogi S R g m D S’ S’ D m g R S Night Kafi
Asavari Nata Bhairavi S R m P d S’ S’ n d P m g R S Morning Asavari
Bairagi Revati? S r m P n S’ S’ n P m r S Morning Melakaratha Raga
Bibhash Bauli S r G P d S’ S’ d P G r S Morning Kalyan
Bageshri Bageshri, Sudha Bhairavi S R g m D n S’ S’ n D m g R S Night Kafi
Bhimpalashri Abheri or Karnatakadevagandh ari ‘n S g m P n S’ S’ n D P m g R S Late Afternoon Kafi
Bhupali Mohanam S R G P D S’ S’ D P G R S Evening Kalyan
Champakali Ketakapriya ‘n S G M P n S’ S’ n D P M G R S Night Kalyan
Chandrakauns Chanrakauns or Kadaram S g m d N S’ S’ N d m g S Night Kalyan
Durga Shuddha Saveri S R m P D S’ S’ D P m R S Night Bilawal
Hangshadhwan i Hamsadhwani S R G P N S’ S’ N P G R S Late Evening Melakaratha Raga
Hindol Sunada Vinodini S G M D N S’ S’ N D M G S Seasonal Marwa
Jogiya Malahari S r m P d S’ S’ N d P d m r S Morning Bhairav
Kalavati Valaji S G P D n S’ S’ n D P G S Late Night Melakaratha Raga
Khamaj Hari Kambhoji S G m P D N S’ S’ n D P m G R S Late Night Khamaj
Madhuvanti Dharmavathi ‘N S g M P N S’ S’ N D P M g R S Evening Melakartha Raga
Malkaush Hindolam S g m d n S’ S’ n d m g S Night Bhairavi
Multani Gamaka Samandam ‘N S g M P N S’ S’ N d P M g r S Late Afternoon Todi
Rageshri Nattai Kurinji S G m D N S’ S’ N D m G R S Night Khamaj
Shivranjani None S R g P D S’ S’ D P g R S Night Kafi
Sudh  Kalyan Mohana Kalyani S R G P D S’ S’ N D P m G R S Night Kalyan
Sohini Hamsanandi S G M D N S’ r’ S’ S’ N D N D, G M D M G M G r S Late Night Marwa
Tilang Vedandagamana S G m P N S’ S’ n P m G S Night Khamaj
Todi Subha Pantuvarali S r g M d N S’ S’ N d P M g r S Morning Todi
Vrindavani  Sarang Pushpalathika S R m P N S’ S’ n P m R S Afternoon Kafi

The following ragas have notes (either complete or missing) with Monotonic Aarohana and Non-Monotonic Avarohana

Name of Raga Carnatic Raga Aarohana (Up) Avarohana (Down) Time Thaat
Bihag Behag S G m P N S’ S’ N D P M G m G R S 9 pm till midnight Bilawal
Darvari  Kanada Darbari Kanada S R g m P d n S’ S’ d n P m P g m R S Late Night Asavari
Desh Kedara Gowla S R m P N S’ R’ n D P m G R G S 9 pm till midnight Khamaj
Hamir/Hamvir Hamir (Kalyani) S G m P N S’ S’ N D P G M P G m R S Late Evening Kalyan
Manj  Khamaj none S G m P D N S’ S’ n D P M P m G R S Late Night Khamaj
Maru  Bihag Kanada S G m P N S’ S’ N D P M P G m G R S S m G M G R S Night Kalyan
Shyam  Kalyan Saranga ‘N S R M P N S’ S’ N D M P M R G m R G ‘N S Evening Kalyan

The following ragas have notes (either complete or missing) with Non-Monotonic Aarohana and Avarohana.

Name of Raga Carnatic Raga Aarohana (Up) Avarohana (Down) Time Thaat
Bahar Kanada ‘N S g m P g m D n S’ S’ n P m P g m R S Spring Purvi
Basant Vasantha S G m d r’ S’ S’ N d P m G m G r S Spring Purvi
Bhatiyar Chayatarangini,
Sama
S D P D m P G M D S’ r’ N D P m P G r S Pre Dawn Marwa
Chayanat Saranga S R G m P D N S’ S’ N D P M P D P G m R S Late Evening Kalyan
Gour  Malhar None S G R m G P M D P N D S’ S’ N D P D M P G m R P R S Afternoon – Monsoon Kafi
Gour  Sarang Gouda Saranga S R g M R P m P D S’ S’ D n P m P m g R S Late Afternoon Kalyan
Gurjari  Todi Shekharachandrika ‘N S r g M g M d n S’ S’ N d M G rG r S Morning Purvi
Jaijaiwanti Dhwijavanthi S R g R S, ‘D ‘n ‘P, R, G m P, N S’ S’ N D P, D m, G R g R S Night – Monsoon Khamaj
Lalit Surya Lalith ‘N r G m M m G M d S’ r’ N d M d M m G r S Late Night to Morning Marwa
Marwa Gamanasrama ‘N r G M D, N D S’ r’ N r’ N D, M G r, ‘N ‘D S Night Marwa
Megh Madhyamavati S m R m P n S’ S’ n P m R m ‘n R S Night – Monsoon Kafi
Miyan  Ki Malhar Kanada R m R S m R P n D N S’ S’ n P m P g m R S Night – Monsoon Kafi
Pahadi Pahadi S R G P D P D S’ N D P G m G R S ‘N ‘D ‘P ‘D S All Time Bilawal
Patdeep Patdeep ‘N S g m P N P S’ S’ N D P m g R S ‘N S G R S Evening Kafi
Pilu Kapi ‘N S G m P ‘n D P S’ S’ N d P d P m g R S ‘N S All Time Kafi
Puria Hamsanandi ‘N r S G M D N r’ S’ S’ N D M G r S Night Marwa
Puria  Dhaneshri Kamavardhini ‘N r G M P d P N S’ r’ N d P M g M r G r S Evening Purvi
Sudh  Sarang None S m R M P N S’ S’ N D P M P D P m R S Early Afternoon Kafi
Tilak  Kamod Nalina Kanthi ‘P ‘N S R G m R m P N S’ S’ N P D m G R G S Night – second part Khamaj